Posted: November 4, 2016 in Uncategorized

Have you ever wondered asked yourself where the universe came from or why everything exists instead of just nothing? How we (humans) came into being? The astrophysical evidence indicates that the universe began to exist in a great explosion called the “Big Bang” around 15 million years ago. Physical space and time, as well as matter and energy in the universe were created in that event. Therefore, as Cambridge astronomer Fred Hoyle points out, the Big Bang theory requires the creation of the universe from nothing. This is because, as one goes back in time, one reaches a point at which, in Hoyle’s words, the universe was “shrunk down to nothing at all.”

To illustrate our point: “Suppose you suddenly hear a loud bang… and you ask me, ‘what made that bang?’ and I reply, ‘Nothing, it just happened.’ You would not accept that. In fact you would find my reply quite unintelligible.” But what’s true of the little bang must be true of the Big Bang as well! So why does the universe exist instead of just nothing? There must have been a cause which brought the universe into being.

Regarding the study of man, anthropology, among different streams of science, in particular deals in detail with man both past and present. The task of anthropology is to study man and mankind objectively from the viewpoint of natural science. But what does one mean by the term ‘man’?

Although man is certainly a unique and a very extraordinary animal, he is an animal. From the zoological point of view, man must be classified just as in any other animal, and he perfectly fits well into the natural system of organisms. Recent discoveries in the Far East(near Pekin), in Java, in Palestine and in Africa, have led to the now generally accepted conclusion that man has gradually developed from early primates (one of the mammalian order) into the human beings represented by the many races now inhabiting this world. During the period of man’s development the branches have sprung up from the same trunk and apes and monkeys have also gradually evolved throughout approximately the same period of time. Apes and monkeys may be more or less our remote cousins but they are not our ancestors.

What one must understand here by the term ‘primate’ is that it does not simply mean “monkey” or “ape”. Monkeys, apes, gorillas, man, fall under the order Primate in the evolutionary tree according to Darwin. Darwinian evolution is the basis of modern biology, and mutations provide the raw materials for natural selection Living man, according to Darwinian Theory, of course, belongs to the single species sapiens of the genus Homo.

The oldest known “portrait” of man is probably the remarkable carved and coloured head  and shoulders of a man who looks rather like a blue-eyed black bearded Eskimo.This engraved limestone figure was recently discovered by St. Mathurin ad Dr. Dorothy Garrod at l’ Angle-sur-l’ Anglin in France. But the carving cannot however be much more than 20,000 years old and we know that very intelligent creatures, whom we must certainly class as man, existed long before this time (Palmer, 1957).

Man appears to be a complete trinity- body, mind and a spirit. Permanent remains indicative of his superior mental ability are his large skull and the many diverse artifacts which he has made. There is however, no material evidence indicative of his spiritual makeup (Palmer, 1957). But, in the field of anthropology, every primitive tribe has some form of religion. To quote Shaplay “I’ve learned from anthropologists that every primitive tribe, without exception, has a religion. They thought one group up the Orinoco was without religion, but that has been checked, and it was a misunderstanding” (Tax and Collander, 1960). Why do people have religion? Religion gives people hope and guidance in their day to day life that comes with sacredness. This act of religious sacredness was prevalent then, and still is today. The practice of sacrifice, headhunting, appeasing the Gods with certain rites and rituals, etc. all are evidences of the spirituality of primitive people.

What we are trying to clarify is the misconception that science and religion cannot co-exist. In fact, science can rather strengthen religion, and not upset it! If God did not in six days, six thousand years ago create the different species we see about us, how had this wonderful variety come about? If all plants and animals, including man, are part of a single system, how did they arise from one another – difference out of sameness? Roses beget roses; termites beget termites; apes beget apes; men beget men. Common sense sees this continuity, yet denies the relationship. It requires great imagination, as well as logic and evidence, to see that roses, termites, apes and men are cousins. It requires a change in habits of thought from seeing things as fixed and static, to see things as always changing.

Our obsession with ‘what’ or ‘who’ came first has made us ignorant about, above all, the creator. It also requires great imagination to see the universe as one big beautiful painting, with all hues and colours. For as certainly as there is a painting, there will be a painter! A painting just does not become a painting by itself.

Huxley (1860) has rightly said “Science seems to me to teach in the highest and strongest manner the great truth which is embodied in the Christian concept of entire surrender to the will of God”.



Brace,C.L.1967. The Stages of Human Evolution.University of Michigan.Prentice Hall Ltd.New     Jersey.

Hulse,F.S. 1963.The Human Species.Random House.New York.

Lasker,G.W. 1961.The Evolution of Man.Holt,Rinehart and Winston,Inc.United States of America.

Palmar,L.S. 1957. Man’s Journey Through Time.Hutchinson and Co.

Tax,S.1960.Evolution after Darwin.The Evolution of Life.Vol.1.The University of Chicago Press.London.

Tax,S.1960.Evolution after Darwin.The Evolution of Man.Vol II. The University of Chicago Press. Chicago and London.

Tax,S. and Callender,C.1960.Evolution after Darwin.Issues in Evolution.Vol.III.The University of Chicago Press.Chicago and London.

Craig,W.L.2001.God, Are You There?.Ravi Zacharias International Ministries,U.S.A.

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